Equilibrium/ Sustainability — Presented by NextEra Energy — Clean power repurposes dirty

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Today is Friday.  Welcome to Equilibrium, a newsletter that tracks the growing global battle over the future of sustainability. Subscribe here: thehill.com/newsletter-signup

The Jersey Shore is getting a facelift — with up to 98 turbines set to dot the boardwalk backdrop as Atlantic City revelers sample saltwater taffy and powdery funnel cake.

A Danish-developed wind farm will be connecting to the U.S. grid through a coal plant decommissioned in 2020, according to Bloomberg Green.

“Anytime you can repurpose existing infrastructure, it makes it easier to get permitting,” Tyson Slocum of advocacy group Public Citizen told Bloomberg.

Today we’re looking at the problem of live coal plants — and how they are blocking an international climate deal among the world’s wealthiest nations. And across the North American continent, we’re seeing the impacts of the West coast’s fires — and how the resultant air pollution is taking a toll on our health.  

For Equilibrium, we are Saul Elbein and Sharon Udasin. Please send tips or comments to Saul at selbein@thehill.com or Sharon at sudasin@thehill.com. Follow us on Twitter: @saul_elbein and @sharonudasin

Let’s get to it.

A MESSAGE FROM NEXTERA ENERGY

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No commitment on coal: Second G-20 meeting sees little concrete action

Ministers from the world’s wealthiest nations are at loggerheads over the future of coal as well as how to get the planet to net-zero emissions by 2050, at this week’s Group of 20 (G-20) Ministerial Meeting on Environment, Climate and Energy.

With fewer than 100 days until the worldwide COP26 U.N. Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, and the U.K. and developing nations demanding that wealthy countries cut emissions faster, the failure to make a deal here means urgent work for national governments.

First steps: Success at the G-20 would be “a tell-tale for the dynamic now, as we head to the U.N. General Assembly [in September],” U.S. climate envoy John KerryJohn KerryEquilibrium/ Sustainability — Presented by NextEra Energy — Clean power repurposes dirty power No. 2 State Department official to travel to China amid tensions US and Germany launch climate partnership MORE told Miles Johnson and Leslie Hook of the Financial Times.

Kerry said President BidenJoe BidenBiden authorizes up to 0M for Afghan refugees Poll: 73 percent of Democratic voters would consider voting for Biden in the 2024 primary Biden flexes presidential muscle on campaign trail with Virginia’s McAuliffe MORE was “trying to figure out” how to increase climate finance contributions to poorer countries, and that he hoped to see commitments from member nations to reduce emissions.

But it now seems unlikely that G-20 ministers will agree to end coal — or even on the need to keep the global temperature rise under 1.5 celsius, Bloomberg Green reported.

A clamor for coal: “Two developed economies are pushing back against new commitments on coal,” Bloomberg noted. The two countries were not named, but the split points to wider divisions around the use of coal. 

Japan is considering funding a new coal plant in Bangladesh, though support in both countries is waning, Benjamin Parkin reported for the Financial Times. This is the kind of funding abroad that the more exclusive Group of Seven came out against in June, directed toward one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable countries.

Meanwhile in Australia, the coal industry is booming, as flooding in the Indonesian coal fields and high demand in Asia raises global coal prices to their highest in 12 years, Neil Hume reported for the Financial Times.

In another coal-rich location, European Space Agency satellite data revealed plumes of the potent greenhouse gas methane rising above Australia’s Bowen Basin, as Aaron Clark reported for Bloomberg

SUPPORT FOR CONTINUED CARBON

A row over the reef: Carbon dioxide from emissions also makes oceans warmer and more acidic, driving the coral bleaching that, according to UNESCO, is killing the 1,500-mile Great Barrier Reef, as we reported in June.

After that announcement — which local environmentalists seized on to push for coal reduction —  Australia launched a “frenzied lobbying campaign,” including snorkeling trips to the reef, to convince most members of the World Heritage Committee to postpone adding the reef to UNESCO’s “in danger” list, as Jamie Smyth reported for the Financial Times

That effort won over a majority of the committee, Robert Hart reported for Forbes.

In G-20 member Brazil, the carbon they can’t quit burning comes from trees. A Nature study last week showed that the Amazon rainforest, which traditionally has pulled carbon from the atmosphere, has begun to emit it, Damian Carrington reported for The Guardian

Despite promises by President Jair Bolsonaro in April to stop deforestation, levels have risen for three straight months, Jake Spring reported for Reuters in June. Fires from expanding — but legal — soy plantations continue to clear Amazon disputed forestlands, in what one activist called “a crime by the state,” Ana Ionova reported Wednesday for Mongabay.

A 2020 Environmental Research Letters study suggests Amazon deforestation helps drive the country’s current drought.

Takeaway: Back in Italy, the G-20 only agreed to a tepid rejection of “unabated coal” (that is, untreated emissions) and a recommendation that members follow the G-7 on moving away from overseas coal financing, without any Australia-angering commitments about ending domestic coal.

It’s “a stark warning for COP26,” one London researcher told Bloomberg Green. The success of the November conference, he said, now relies on “leaders stepping up where ministers have failed.”

A MESSAGE FROM NEXTERA ENERGY

As the world’s largest producer of wind and solar energy, NextEra Energy is pioneering innovation on green hydrogen – the solution for deep decarbonization of hard-to-abate sectors. See how at NextEraEnergy.com.

Haze from massive forest fires spreads around world

The wildfire smoke billowing across America has become so pervasive that its effects may reach outer space — possibly turning the full moon red this weekend.  

“The moon usually turns orange or red during an eclipse, but this time, instead of being eclipsed by Earth’s shadow, the moon will be eclipsed by thick layers of smoke,” according to a Veuer video report on USA Today.

Oregon’s ferocious Bootleg blaze has become what CNN’s Ivana Kottasová described as “a monstrous complex with its own weather, sending the dense smoke some 3,000 miles across one end of the continent to the other” — rousing New York with “an intense red sunrise” on Wednesday. The Siberian town of Yakutsk, the world’s coldest city, is likewise “blanketed in haze as nearby wildfires tear through forests,” with smoke traveling as far as Alaska, Kottasová reported.

Fires fueled by universal drought: While recent summers have been hot and dry, this summer is hotter and drier than ever. That has generated ideal fuel for fire.

By one measure — the Palmer Drought Severity Index — almost 100 percent of the Western U.S. is now encountering drought, setting a 122-year record, Tom Yulsman reported for Discover, citing climatologist David Simeral. Another metric, the U.S. Drought Monitor, shows about 90 percent of the West experiencing some level of drought.

It’s not just climate change: While the worst of this year’s American wildfires are thus far blazing in the Pacific Northwest, Southern California has also gained a reputation for its ferocious ignition potential. 

But in that region, a U.S.-Canadian team of researchers have identified that fall and winter fires can be attributed to Santa Ana winds and infrastructural failures — and…

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